Journal Of The Arab Academics And Scientists Union

Journal of the Arab Academics and Scientists Union (JAASU)

Journal of the Arab Academics and Scientists Union (JAASU) is a refereed scientific journal published in a specialized series by the Arab Academics and Scientists Union. This union belongs to the Council of Arab Economic Unity / League of Arab States. The journal bears the number MNA/1495/specialized publication/2021. It is licensed by the Media Commission in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. it is an annual journal that publishes papers in both Arabic and English in all fields and from all over the world. It is published in several specialized series and covers the following areas:

  • Human and social sciences series
  • Educational and psychological sciences series
  • Applied science and technology series
  • Engineering sciences series
  • natural sciences series
  • Religious science series
  • Legal science series
  • Administrative and Economic Sciences Series
  • Medical science series

All manuscripts submitted to JAASU should be original and not have been submitted for review anywhere else. JAASU   will not publish papers which have been previously published in part or whole. Each paper will be sent for evaluation by at least two specialized  reviewers   

Pioneering in the scientific publishing of papers in various fields of science.
Publishing scientific papers, theses, and dissertations in various fields of science in accordance with the standards of research methodology..

Author’s guide:

The author presents his\ her paper in accordance with the following publication instructions:
1.The manuscript should be typed in Microsoft word and emailed to the editor:
2. The author should write a letter to the editor stating his \ her desire to publish his\ her work in the journal, specifying its title .

JUAAS requires all authors of a research paper to sign a letter that states that the manuscript has not been published before, and is not under consideration for publication in any other journals. The author (s) should agree also to transfer to JUAAS all rights, including the exclusive right to electronically store, reproduce and distribute the contribution wholly or in part, including publish, reprints, translations, photographic and reproductions. (Submission and Publication Acceptance Agreements ) Publication in JUAAS transfers the right to JUAAS to distribute papers, but authors do retain their copyright. Submission to JUAAS is taken by the journal means that all the listed authors have agreed to these terms.

1. A short bio of the author(s) involve name of the author(s), affiliation, country, e-mail, and phone number.
2. Include a complete copy of the data collection tool used in the work (the questionnaire or other) if it is not found in the paper or its appendices.
3. The researcher should avoid any sign that may indicate his \her or their personality (such as name, e-mail, or phone number) on any of the research pages except for the first page. This is to ensure complete confidentiality in the reviewing process.
4. Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable .To avoid any form of plagiarism, each manuscript newly submitted to the JUAAS will be checked regarding plagiarism using the program Turnitin. Papers with evidence of apparent plagiarism ( similarity is more than 25%) will not be eligible for publication and therefore will not be sent for review.
Conditions of the paper submitted for publication:
1) Each paper should be one and half-spaced in 12 point font (Times New Roman for English manuscript) and 14 point font (Simplified Arabic for Arabic manuscript with 1-inch margins on all sides
2) Papers should be between 6000 -10000 words in length (including tables, figures, references, and appendixes). They should be written as a continuous expository narrative in an article style – not as lists of points or a PowerPoint presentation.

The structure of the paper:

1. Cover page
1) Authors should include a cover page with the full title of the paper, the author/s full name, Author/s affiliation, address, e-mail address, postal address, and phone number. The author/s name should not appear elsewhere in the paper.
2) The title is centered in the above of the page.
3) The font size is 16 in bold.
4) Write the name of the author(s) should be written under the title of the paper and in the middle of the page . the author first and second name should be written and its font size is 12 and bold

2. Abstract

1). Every paper should have an abstract between 150 and 250 words in length.
2) The abstract should contain the objectives, the methodology, and the findings.
3) The abstract should include keywords (Listed in alphabetical order). The number of the keywords should be 4 to 6.
4) The abstract should be one- space and 14 point font if it is in Arabic while it is 12 point font in English paper. It is italics in both cases.
5) Every paper should have two abstracts (one in Arabic and the second in English. If the paper is written in Arabic , the Arabic abstract should be place before the introduction and the English abstract should be on the last page and vice versa.
3. Introduction: It includes the problem statement, the objective(s), the significance of the study, and theoretical framework).
4. Literature review
5. Research hypotheses.
6. Research methodology.
7. Research results and discussion
8. Recommendations and future studies
9. References list is classified into Arabic and foreign references.
10. Appendices such as a questionnaire or some drawings or statistics
Important notes:
1. The paper should be free of discrimination, racism and hate
2. The editorial board has the right to re-examine the research and decide its validity for reviewing, or reject it. If the paper is accepted for publication, all copyrights for the paper become for the journal.
3. The opinions expressed in the published work reflect the viewpoint of the author(s)s only, and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the journal.
4. The researcher has the right to receive a paper copy of the journal, and upon request of additional copies, the request is made via e-mail with the researcher undertaking to pay the cost.

Format of headlines, sub-headings, and research text

1. The font size of the main headings is 14 and bold in the paper .
2. Font size for sub-headings, table headings, and figures: 12 bold.
3. The font size for the text is 12.
4. The size of the font for the table’s contents is 10.
5. The font size for the reference list is 12 normal.

Tables and figures format

1. The researcher writes the table title above the table and numbers the table as follows (Table 1: Table Name).
2. The researcher arranges the tables sequentially.
3. The table is in the middle of the page.
4. The author (s) writes the table number when it is mentioned in the text
5. The author (s) draws the figure in the middle of the page.
6. The author (s) writes the title below the figure and is numbered sequentially (Fig. 1: Name of figure, source).
7. The author (s) mentions the source of the figure.
8. The author (s) writes the figure number in the text when it is mentioned.


In text citation
1. Authors are required to provide a list of references for their paper. This should adhere to APA guidelines and should acknowledge the works that influenced the author’s work.
2. footnotes should not be inserted.
3. Rules for citation in the research text:
1) Write the researcher’s family name and year of publication in parentheses, such as (Matar, 2019). When quoting a text, include the page number for example (Matar, 2019: 63), and when quoting from multiple pages, for example (Matar, 2019: 63–65). When quoting from research by two researchers, write between brackets the family name of the first researcher, the family name of the second researcher, and then the year, for example (Darweesh & Omar, 2020).
2) If a work has three (3), four (4) or five (5) authors, cite all authors the first time and from then on include only the last name of the first author followed by the words et al. (‘et al.’ is Latin for ‘and others’) examples : (Watson, McKenna, Cowman & Keady, 2008), …. (Watson et al., 2008).
3) When you are citing two different sources that share the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters after the year of publication (a, b, c, etc.). Assign these letters according to which title comes first alphabetically. Use these letters in both in-text citations and the Reference list Example In-Text: (Daristotle, 2015a), (Daristotle, 2015b).
4) When there is a similar information referred to by more than one author, list the sources in alphabetical order within the brackets, separated by a semi-colon.
5) When quoting from an organization’s statistics, write in parentheses (the organization’s name, year). Example, (Human Rights Organization, 2020)

Reference list

1. Arabic references should be separated from foreign references.
2. The reference list is arranged in alphabetical order of the authors’ last names.
3. Everything you have cited in text appears in your reference list and likewise… everything that appears in your reference list will have been cited in text!
4. If the research is in Arabic, the references are divided into Arabic and foreign references, and each of them is arranged in alphabetical order. The Arabic references write first.
5. If the research is in English, all references write in English.
6. If there is more than one work by the same author, order them by publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2004 publication would appear before a 2008 publication)..
7. . Use “&” instead of “and” when listing multiple authors of a source.
8. The first line of the reference list entry is left-hand justified, while all subsequent lines are consistently indented.
9. Capitalise only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there is one, plus any proper names – i. e. only those words that would normally be capitalised.
10. Italicise the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
11. . Do not create separate lists for each type of information source. Books, articles, web documents, brochures, etc. are all arranged alphabetically in one list.

Format for Mathematical Equations
1. Equations are given serial numbers and the number is placed in parentheses as follows:
(1) Y = a + Bx
2. writes at the bottom of the equation an explanation and clarification of the equation variables.

Court rulings documentation:

Judicial decisions are documented in the footnote, which includes the court from which the judgment was issued, the country from which the judgment was issued, the type of judgment, its number and year of issuance, publication date, and page number..


– Jordanian Court of Cassation, Jordanian Cassation of Rights No. 435/34, referred to in the Journal of the Jordanian Bar Association, first issue of 1981 AD, p. 76
– Court of Appeal in Riyadh, Sale / Proof of Sale, Resolution No.: 3526436 dated 2/6/1435 AH, Judicial Judgments Collection for the year 1435, Publications of the Ministry of Justice, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, p. 22
– Audit Board, Board of Grievances (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), Judgment No. 347 / T/3 for the year 1409 AH, Administrative Provisions and Principles for the years 1402-1426, Volume One, p. 39
Religious sciences documentation:
1. Qur’anic verses: the verse number and the name of the surah are written in parentheses after the end of the verse. For example, (Al Imran, 46).
2. Noble Prophetic hadiths: They are CITED by reference to the original books of hadith, by MENTIONING the NAME OF THE book, the chapter, and the hadith number, if possible. Example: Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) reported that the Prophet (SallAllahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said:: “The most beloved deeds to God Almighty are those that are permanent, even if they are small.” Muslim, Sahih Muslim, Book of Travelers’ Prayers and their Shortening, Chapter: The Virtue of Constant Work of Praying the Night and Others, Hadith No. (218).
Publication Ethics Principles:
JUAAS ethics and publication malpractice statement is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).JUAAS is dedicated to following the best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions. It is also committed to meeting and upholding standards of ethical behavior at all stages of the publication process.
1. Commitment to a high academic and professional level in all stages of research. Starting from the stage of submitting the research, reviewing process and publishing.
2. Commitment to fully acknowledging the efforts of all those who participated in the research, including colleagues and students, by including them in the list of authors as well as acknowledging the sources of material and moral support that were used for preparing the paper.
3. Any information used in the paper must be attributed to its original source. Commitment not to transcribe any text from other sources without attributing it to the original source or reference from which it was taken.
4. The commitment to obtain a written consent from the participants (such as the sample) in the paper and inform them of all the consequences of their participation, as well as the commitment not to publish the results of the research in such cases except in the form of statistical analysis that guarantees the confidentiality of the information, and not to publish the names of the participants.

Editorial Responsibilities:

1. Editors work with an international advisory board that guides the shaping of the journal, as well as with international board of editors for submitted manuscripts. Editors should ensure that all research material they publish conforms to internationally accept ethical guidelines.
2. Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication. Editors should always consider the needs of the authors and the readers when attempting to improve the publication. Editors should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record.
3. Editors should base their decisions solely on the papers’ importance, originality, clarity and relevance to publication’s scope. Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, reviewers and board members.
4. Editorial board must confirm receipt of submitted papers and to ensure the efficient, fair and timely review process of submitted papers.
5. The Editor must preserve anonymity of reviewing. Editors must ensure that submitted manuscripts are handled in a confidential manner, with no details being disclosed until a decision has been taken as to whether the manuscript is to be published.
6. The Editor must also ensure the confidentiality of the names and other details of referees. JUAAS reviewing is double blind, in that authors do not know the names of the reviewers of their papers, and reviewers do not know the names of the authors. Authors are required to take reasonable efforts to hide their identities, including not listing their names or affiliations and omitting acknowledgments in their submitted paper. All these information will be included in the cover page and should not appear elsewhere in the paper.
7. the Editor is required to deal fairly with an author’s appeal against the rejection of a submitted manuscript. Editor should decide to accept or reject a manuscript for publication with reference only to the manuscript’s importance, originality and clarity, and its relevance to the journal.
8. Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article. The Editor can reject any article at any time before publication, including after acceptance if concerns arise.
9. Editors should make known any conflicts of interest that might arise, specifically, in cases where an editor is an author of a submitted manuscript, the manuscript must be passed to another editor for independent peer review.
10. Editors should act if they suspect misconduct, whether a paper is published or unpublished, and make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.
11. Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.
12. Editors are responsible to take a decision regarding any academic misconduct or convincing evidence that a published manuscript is erroneous, usually through consultation with the author. This may require the publication of a formal ‘retraction’ or correction

Review Procedures

1. After the submission deadline of each call for papers, manuscripts submitted to JUAAS will go through an internal review. If submitted papers meet the basic requirements of JUAAS, they willL be sent out for double-blind reviewers from experts in the field. Our reviewers are expected to review articles and return their reviews within 8 weeks.. If your reviewers make this recommendation, then you will be given the opportunity to adequately respond to their feedback by a required date. This entire review process will take anywhere between 3- 4 months after the submission of the manuscript. The editor’s decision is final.
2. Each referee submits a detailed report on the work.
3. 3.If the results of the two reviewers differ (one of them accepts the work, and the other rejects it), the work will be sent to a third reviewer.
4. The author (s) will be provided with the reviewers’ results and their comments.
5. The author (s) is asked to make the final amendments, if any, according to the reports of the reviewers. The author (s) has to submit an amended copy of the work in addition to a report containing the modifications made by the author (s) in a period not exceeding two weeks from the date of notification. The revised copy and the amending report will be sent to the reviewers again to ensure the author (S)’s commitment to the required amendments. The journal can reject the research if the researcher does not comply with the amendments..
6. The author (s) is informed of the editorial board’s decision to accept or reject his , her or their work within three to four months from the date of receiving it.
7. 6.The author (s) of the accepted paper will receive a signed and sealed letter stating that his, her or their research has been accepted for publication in the journal.
8. The author (s) will get a copy of the issue in which his research was published.

The Reviewers’ Responsibility:

1.Peer review is the critical assessment of manuscripts submitted to JUAAS by experts in related fields. Unbiased, independent and critical approaches to academic assessment are an intrinsic part of all scholarly work. Peer review can therefore be viewed as an important extension of the scientific process. Peer review means bringing judgment based on experience and knowledge to the evaluation process—from setting the standards to conducting the evaluation, to making final decisions. JUAAS acknowledges the contribution of its peer reviewers. Each paper will be sent for evaluation by at least two reviewers.
2. All reviewing judgments should be objective
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author(s) is inacceptable. Referees should express their views clearly with appropriate supporting arguments. Reviewers are expected to respond promptly to requests to review and to submit reviews within the time agreed. Reviewers’ comments should be constructive, honest, and polite.
3.Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially
Reviewers should regard a submitted manuscript as a confidential document and not meant to be public, and so should not use, share or disclose unpublished information in a manuscript. Reviewers must not publicly discuss an authors’ work and must not appropriate authors’ ideas before the manuscript is published. Reviewers must not retain the manuscript for their personal use and should destroy copies of manuscripts after submitting their reviews.
3.Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to reviewed articles
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider evaluating manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, universities or institutions connected to the submission. Reviewers must disclose to editors any conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript, and should recuse themselves from reviewing specific manuscripts if the potential for bias exists.
4.Reviewers should assess the manuscript in a timely manner
Peer reviewers must fulfill their responsibility by rigorously assessing a given research manuscript within time limits specified by JUAAS. If reviewers are unable to review the paper in a specified time, they should inform the editorial board immediately by e-mail to the editor.
5.Reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited
Reviewers should point out relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity between the manuscript under consideration and any published paper.

1. Author’s responsibility:

1. Authors of original papers should present an accurate account of the work as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to check on or replicate the work. Authors are also required to prepare their manuscripts according to the format given in Manuscript Guidelines for JUAAS
2. Authenticity and piracy: Authenticity and piracy: The author (s) must demonstrate the originality of his, her, or their work, and delete any quotations or use of other people’s sentences if they are not cited properly. The journal has the authority to use plagiarism detection programs to review works submitted for publication.
3. Republishing: The author (s) is not entitled to submit the same research to more than one journal or conference, and doing so is considered unethical and unacceptable behavior.
4. Retention of information: The author(s) must keep the private data used in the paper to be submitted in case the editorial board or a reviewer requests it.
5. Research authors: The number of research authors should be reduced to contributors only in a large and clear way.The correspondent author should be identified. The rest of the authors are mentioned in the research as actual contributors. The correspondent author must ensure that the names and information of all authors are presented and must not include other names of authors who did not prepare the paper. All authors have to be familiar with the paper and agree with its content.
6. References: The author (s) of the paper is (are) obliged to mention the references in an appropriate manner in the text and reference list.

7. Reporting the errors: If the author (s) discovers at any time that there is a fundamental error or inaccuracy in the details of his, her, or their paper, he, she, or they must immediately notify the editor-in-chief of the journal and cooperate with him or her to correct the error.